Acetic Acid- properties, uses and structure.

In our daily routine, we eat many such kinds of foods, which themselves are medicines. General examples of such things are cardamon, cloves, asafoetida, etc. Acetic acid is also one of them. Usually, many of us use this daily, but common people call it by the name of vinegar.


Commonly used organic acids are acetic , lactic, and citric. These are used on a daily basis and are considered useful bacteria.

Actually it is the form of vinegar, which is known to humans for a long time. It is one of the simplest organic acids. Diluted acetic acid is not vinegar.

Melting point is 16.733°C and boiling point is at 117.9°C.

The most wondrous thing about acetic acid is that it won’t freeze into useless solid ice-like Glacial acetic acid does.

Elements present in acetic acid are carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen as per molecular formula. It is a form of vinegar which is known to humans for centuries. When fruit juices are allowed to stand for a long time, they get fermented to form wine. Thus vinegar is formed.

The compound is called glacial acetic acid in its pure form. It is a clear colorless liquid with a sharp odor.

This is soluble in the water besides alcohol, ether, acetone, benzene, and other organic solvents.

It is considered as a weak acid. If it is dissolved in water, it ionizes to produce molecules and ions.

Researchers believe that the health benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar are because of the presence of Acetic acid in it.


Acetic acid sold commercially as GLACIAL ACID with less than 1% water and over 98% concentration. Glacial acid is a corrosive colorless liquid. It is completely miscible with water.

The primary commercial use of acetic acid is in the production of cellulose acetate. Besides, it is widely used as a rubber substitute photographic and cinematic film. Another commercial use of acetic acid is in the production of Vinyl Acetate Monomer [VAM] and terephthalic acid, which are used in the production of polymers like adhesives, latex paints, etc.

Because it kills fungus and microbes, it is used in making products like window cleaners, surface cleaners, floor cleaners, roof cleaners cleaning, and dusting sprays as an ingredient

Also read :Remedies of Apple Cider Vinegar

Acetic acid


The person who consumes acetic acid seems as if he is intoxicated. He feels like he is drunken. He forgets recently happened incidents in a few minutes. If this intoxication increases he even forgets his family members. He cannot recollect things about his business properly. His mind is always in a state of confusion and always tired that he cannot decide his day to day activities properly.

The next thing is his anxiety. His anxiety is more about the people who play a prominent role in his life, like his near family members, his loved ones.

Nextly second anxiety is about his business and the third is about his health.


It is produced naturally as fruits and other food spoils and is also excreted by certain bacteria which is found in soil, water, and foodstuffs.

Acetic acid naturally occurs in body fluids and plant juices.


China is the largest producer of acetic acid, which produces more than half of the total production in the world. Particularly in the year 2019, India has produced over 150 thousand metric tons.

Acetic acid


Nowadays, the manufacturing of acetic acid involves rhodium- iodine catalyzed carbonylation of methanol { methol alcohol} by a process developed by a chemical company Monsanto in the 1960s.


In our daily eatable items, generally, it is used in a variety of food products like bakery items, cheese, soups, marinades for meat, poultry, and fish. It is also used in condiments like ketchup, mustard, mayonnaise, salad dressings, etc if it is of food-grade.

It is also found in fruits like pineapples, strawberries, apples, grapes, etc, and is also used as a preservative in pickles, cheese, sauce, etc as it stops the growth of bacteria in food items and prevents it from spoiling, thus preserving it for a long time.


Acetic acid

It must be handle with great care. If not used in a proper and correct manner otherwise it may be dangerous.

If ingested in the body or particularly if its vapor is inhaled, it is very harmful to internal organs. Prolonged contact can cause irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat.


Generally does not have any expiry date. Instead, it should be stored under proper conditions.

Continue reading :Remedies Of Apple Cider Vinegar

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